Shilajit: A Natural Phytocomplex with Potential ...

By: Carlos Carrasco-Gallardo, Leonardo Guzmán, and Ri

Shilajit: A Natural Phytocomplex with Potential Procognitive Activity

Shilajit also known in the north of India as salajit, shilajatu, mimie, or mummiyo is a blackish-brown powder or an exudate from high mountain rocks, especially in the Himalayans mountains between India and Nepal, although it has been also found in Russia, Tibet, Afghanistan, and now in the north of Chile, named as Andean Shilajit [1]. Shilajit has been known and used for centuries by the Ayurvedic medicine, as a rejuvenator and as antiaging compound. There are two important characteristics of a rasayana compound in the ancient IndianAyurvedic medicine: that is, to increase physical strength and to promote human health [2]. The health benefits ofshilajit have been shown to differ from region to region, depending on the place from which it was extracted [3,4].

Considering its unique composition as a phytocomplex, very rich in fulvic acid, researchers hypothesize thatShilajit is produced by the decomposition of plant material from species such as Euphorbia royleana andTrifolium repens [45]. This decomposition seems to occur through centuries, and on this basis, shilajit is considered a millenary product of nature. However, further studies have identified that several other plant organisms may generate shilajit, such as molds as Barbula, Fissidens, Minium, and Thuidium and other species like Asterella, Dumortiera, Marchantia, Pellia, Plagiochasma, and Stephenrencella-Anthoceros [4]

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